How to Treat Hyperkalemia

There are several options for how to treat hyperkalemia. Often, diuretics are the first line of defense. These drugs increase the amount of urination, which then eliminates the excess potassium. Other treatments include intravenous calcium and potassium gluconate. While both of these methods can decrease hyperkalemia, they are not suitable for every patient.

If you have hyperkalemia, the first option is to consult your doctor. Your doctor may recommend a potassium-restricted diet, which will reduce the level of potassium in your blood. Depending on your individual situation, you may require dialysis treatment to prevent a recurrence of hyperkalemia. However, if you have mild hyperkalemia, it can be managed with dietary changes and herbal supplements. The condition is usually detected by high levels of potassium in the blood and may cause symptoms such as chest pain, heart palpitations, and nausea.

If your hyperkalemia is life-threatening, your physician may prescribe dialysis. This procedure purifies the blood of excess toxins and waste particles. Dialysis has two types: hemodialysis (the use of a special machine called a dialyzer) and peritoneal dialysis (the use of a saline solution in the abdomen). Dialysis is an effective treatment for hyperkalemia and is a life-saving option in many cases.

Your doctor will perform blood tests to determine whether you have hyperkalemia. Based on these tests, your physician will determine the best treatment option for you. In severe cases, you may require hospitalisation or dialysis. In mild cases, a primary care physician will monitor your condition and request further testing if necessary. In any case, hyperkalemia should be treated as quickly as possible.