MANILA: High-profile Philippine journalist Maria Ressa was convicted on Monday (Jun 15) in a cyber libel case that press freedom advocates have branded a ploy to silence critics of President Rodrigo Duterte.
Ressa, 56, and her news site Rappler have been the target of legal action and probes after publishing stories critical of Duterte's policies, including his drug war that has killed thousands.
The court sentenced her to a jail term ranging from six months to six years and she was allowed to remain free on bail pending an appeal of the conviction.
Ressa and Reynaldo Santos, the former Rappler journalist who wrote the article, were both ordered to pay 400,000 Philippine pesos (US$8,000) in damages.
"We are going to stand up against any kind of attacks against press freedom," Ressa told journalists after the conviction in Manila.
Monday's verdict decided a trial that stemmed from a businessman's 2017 complaint over a Rappler story five years earlier about his alleged ties to a then-judge on the nation's top court.
Ressa, who Time magazine named as a Person of the Year in 2018, did not write the article and government investigators initially dismissed the businessman's allegation.
But state prosecutors later filed charges against her and Reynaldo Santos, the former Rappler journalist who wrote it, under a controversial cyber crime statute aimed at online offences such as stalking and child pornography.
The law they are accused of violating took effect in September 2012, months after the article was published.
But prosecutors say Rappler's typographical correction to the story in 2014 to change "evation" to "evasion" was a substantial modification and the article was thus covered by the law.
"I've been the cautionary tale: be quiet or you're next … that's part of the reason why I have been targeted," Ressa, a co-founder of Rappler and a former CNN journalist, told AFP in an exclusive interview last week.
Duterte's government has said the case is not politically motivated and that authorities must enforce the law, even against journalists.
"FAKE NEWS OUTLET"
But rights groups and press advocates say the libel chargRead More – Source