The National Portrait Gallery in London
What makes you want to visit a museum; the contents, or the building? In a bid to stem declining visitor numbers, the National Portrait Gallery (NPG) in London is betting on the latter. To overcome a belief that the present building is, in the words of director Nicholas Cullinan, “not welcoming”, the gallery will undergo a complete redevelopment. A new entrance will be added, with its own piazza, and all the galleries will be refurbished. Regrettably, it will close between 2020 and 2023 while work is carried out.
Much of the redevelopment looks like good news, including the re-opening of the East Wing, and a new learning centre. But it appears the £35.5m project will not result in significantly more space to display the permanent collection. In fact, there might even be less. To accommodate the new entrance—and the enormous new shop beside it—half the existing gallery space on the ground floor of the original building will be removed. Only some of this display space will be regained in the East Wing. The second floor will be altered to include more access points between the galleries, also reducing hanging space. The NPG says there will be 20% more of what it vaguely defines as “public space” in the building. Yet planning documents confirm an overall reduction in floor space. (Happily, the original entrance on St Martins Lane—through which visitor numbers rose from 600,000 in 1990 to a peak of 2.1 million in 2015—will also remain, a defiant reminder that you cant blame declining attendance on a front door. Visitor numbers are now 1.5 million.)
The NPG says it is better to do everything at once in three years, rather than stage by stage over, say, six years. Certainly, contractors prefer the public to be out of the way. But once theyre out, its easy to keep them out. Redevelopments involving complete closure often overrun; the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam was supposed to reopen after three years but remained closed for ten. Even three years is a long time to take a major museum out of the national conversation.
Financially, this is a high-risk project at a time of uncertainty. The NPG is relying on government funding continuing throughout the closure, currently £7.6m a year. But what if there is a change in government, or a bad recession? They wont tell me how much they expect to lose from ticket sales (exhibition income in 2018-19 was £3.7m). Nor will they say how much more will be spent on storage (in the past they have said the storage bill is “in the order of £200,000” a year).
And what of the staff? I asked what job losses could be expected: “too early to say”. But Im told by a senior source they will be “quite sizeable”. Probably most will come from security and visitor services (where, ironically, Cullinan began his career). There will be few, if any, from senior management. The NPG will only now begin “consulting with staff” about job losses. However, Ive learnt that trustees first considered complete closure—as opposed to a phased approach—in July 2018, and finally decided in favour of closure in February 2019. The then arts minister, Michael Ellis, indicated his support in April (a fitting legacy). Was it fair to keep staff in the dark for so long?
As for the public, we were informed abouRead More – Source