Sothebys at the crossroads: new owner, new chief executive, new era

Sitting pretty: Tad Smith has received $28.2m after standing down as Sothebys chief executive. Christopher Goodney/Bloomberg via Getty Images

As the gavel banged down during New Yorks gigaweek sales at Sothebys last month, tensions were mounting at the auction house surrounding the rumoured drastic cost cuts—said by some to be as much as $100m—apparently being considered by the firms new owner Patrick Drahi.

However, the most notable move was announced a fortnight before the auctions. On 28 October, Tad Smith, Sothebys chief executive since 2015, was replaced by one of Drahis men—Charles Stewart, formerly the co-president and chief financial officer at Drahis cable television provider Altice USA. Smith was in the job for under five years—during which Sothebys stock price barely increased—but he walked away with a severance deal worth $28.2m (including $16.9m of Sothebys shares). Smiths generous package has caused a stir—his predecessor, Bill Ruprecht, received just $4m in 2014 after nearly 15 years at the top.

But, “$28.2m for having done what many would describe as a pretty pedestrian job is something which is completely consistent with the previous administrations behaviour of spending $85m here [on the art advisory firm Art Agency, Partners (AAP) in 2016], $50m there on technology,” says one of several former staff we spoke to. Smith declined to comment in response.

Stewart is not yet giving interviews and Sothebys has declined to comment on alleged cuts, future direction and job losses, although some of those in roles related to investor relations have already left. But the auction house does confirm that, alongside the senior level departures of Mike Goss, the former chief financial officer, and John Cahill, the former executive vice president, the chief commercial officer, a small number of others responsible for investor relations have also already been made redundant. Gosss replacement, Jean-Luc Berrebi—formerly the chief executive officer of Drahis family office—is expected to be influential. He is a director of the UK company Bidfair Limited, incorporated in May 2019 by Drahi with a Luxembourg address, which on 22 October received a transfer of shares from Sothebys (US) amounting to $47.1m, with a total cash consideration of $252.6m.

Charles Stewart, his replacement Courtesy of Sothebys

Buy, buy, buy

Smiths reign at Sothebys was punctuated by corporate acquisitions, the first and most high-profile being AAP. Then followed the Mei Moses Art Indices; the forensic analysis firm Orion Analytical; the machine learning start-up Thread Genius and the online interiors retailer, which became Sothebys Home. The sums paid for these are undisclosed, and it is hard to gauge what value they have bought to Sothebys, aside from positioning it as a progressive company with an intent to be a one-stop shop, even if the reasoning often baffled observers. “While its not easy to put a number to the value of these things, theres no doubt they are good for the business,” says an employee.

The money spent by Smith on digital efforts is one theme aired when speaking with several former staff members, who see this as among a number of perceived “missteps”. Another is what one describes as the “flushing out of almost the entirety of the senior expert talent” in order to “bring in a new generation of hard-driving talent” in their place. But most notable were misgivings stoked by the AAP buy which, in the words of one staffer, “created a wedge that was irrevocable between the haves and the have-nots within the company.”

However, a Sothebys employee (who cannot be named) says: “The truth is five years ago, we had no mobile app, no online sales, no online consignment platform, we lagged significantly in contemporary art, and private sales were nominal, but now its a very different picture.” They add: “Working here under Tad was energising and exciting – you really felt like you were part of a forward-thinking company and the digital developments were crucial to that.”

In his leaving email, seen by The Art Newspaper, Smith thanked staff “for the crucial learning from the occasions when things did not go as we would have hoped”. He spoke of his “boundless enthusiasm for the remarkable Sothebys journey that has just begun under our dynamic, charming, brilliant, and very effective new owner”, adding: “Charlie will let me serve as an adviser to him whenever he needs a very sympathetic listener.”

According to a Bloomberg article last month—which said Drahi will cut costs by $66m—the French-Israeli businessman also plans to “reorganise Sothebys into three separate entities”, with the companys properties split into a company from which the auction house would lease it back. Sothebys declined to comment on this reported restructuring.

Paying down debt

Given Drahi bought the company with a $1bn loan, selling and leasing back properties would be a short-term way to pay down some debt—albeit in exchange for siRead More – Source