The 2019 Global Terrorism Index (pdf), now in its seventh edition, analyzed the impact of terrorism for 163 countries over the past year, using data from the Global Terrorism Database of the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism. The results marked the first time since 2014 that ISIS was not the single deadliest terrorist group.
The report, produced by nonpartisan think tank the Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP), found that although the total number of deaths from terrorism has fallen around the world, at least one death from terrorism was experienced by 71 countries—the second highest number of countries since 2002 and four more than in 2017.
The highest number of deaths was recorded in Afghanistan, with more than 7,000 deaths, pointing to a rise in terrorist activity in the region.
Of the twenty most fatal terrorist attacks in 2018, 16 of these occurred in Afghanistan. pic.twitter.com/Inyh6mTWAV
— Global Peace Index (@GlobPeaceIndex) November 20, 2019
The Taliban “now account for 38 per cent of all terrorist deaths globally,” according to the IEPs executive chairman Steve Killelea.
In 2018, the terrorist group was responsible for 6,103 deaths globally, up 71 percent from the previous year, according to the report. Compared to 2017, the number of attacks attributed to the Taliban rose by 39 percent, to 972.
The Talibans key targets last year were “military and police personnel,” the report stated, accounting for 53 percent of attacks and 59 percent of all deaths. More than 3,600 military and police personnel were killed in attacks attributed to the Taliban in 2018.
The release of the report comes as the Trump administration continues with its attempts to negotiate with the terrorist group to broker a U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan. President Donald Trump halted talks between the United States and the Taliban in September, after a particularly deadly spate of Taliban attacks, including a Kabul suicide bombing that killed a U.S. soldier.
In contrast, global deaths attributed to ISIS saw a dramatic decline, a drop of just under 70 percent, from 4,350 in 2017, to 1,328 in 2018, according to the report. The report noted this was largely driven by “the success of local forces and a U.S.-led international coalition, which have militarily defeated the group in Syria and Iraq.”
In North America, Western Europe, and Oceania, far-right attacks increased by 320% over the last five years. pic.twitter.com/CY2aEqKpM3
— Global Peace Index (@GlobPeaceIndex) November 21, 2019
The 2019 Global Terrorism Index, however, found that there has been a sharp rise—of 320 percent—in far-right terrorism in America and Europe, which it defined as “a political ideology that is centered on one or more of the following elements: strident nationalism (usually racial or exclusivist in Read More – Source